The Gambia

Country OverviewGovernment and legal system: Republic. The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty; tensions have flared up intermittently since.Political trends: Yahya A. J. J. Jammeh led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule.

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