Country OverviewGovernment and legal system: Presidential republic. In 1957, Ghana became the first sub-Saharan African country to win independence. LT Jerry Rawlings took power in 1981 and banned political parties. In 1992, Rawlings approved a new constitution and brought back a multi-party system. Rawlings won the presidential elections in 1992 and 1996, and stepped down in 2000. John Kufuor was elected in 2000 and again in 2004. After stepping down in 2008, Kufuor was succeeded by Prof. John Evans Atta Mills.

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